Cancer Awareness: Lung cancer , Screening

Lung Cancer
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There are many diseases, disorders, syndromes, and medical conditions out there. Many of them are extremely rare and others aren’t nearly as well-known as they should be. However, some conditions are so common that even those who don’t follow the news very closely know about them. Cancer is one such disease. It is one of the most feared medical conditions in the world today. Even though it can strike anyone at any time, everyone knows someone affected by it or knows someone who has passed away as a result of it. But what do you know about this condition? If you’re like most people, probably not much. And while cancer is a scary thing to have, there are many common misconceptions surrounding it. In this article, we will explore different types of cancer; the different stages; risk factors; symptoms; prevention methods; and more.

What is Cancer?

Cancer is a generic term used to describe a group of diseases characterized by abnormal growth of cells, which can spread to other parts of the body. No two cancers are alike.There are more than 100 types of cancer. Some can be prevented, others cannot. Early detection and treatment improve the chances of survival. It is important to know what the signs and symptoms of cancer are and to get regular check-ups.

What Are the Different Types of Cancer?

Breast cancer - This is the most common form of cancer among women. The most common risk factor is having a family history of breast cancer, especially if it occurs before age 50.

Colorectal cancer - This is the most common form of cancer among people over 50. A risk factor for this is a family history of colorectal cancer, especially if it occurs at a young age.

Cervical cancer - This is the most common form of cancer in women. It is caused by certain types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV vaccine is a preventive measure against this.

Esophageal cancer - This is a rare type of cancer caused by certain types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). The risk factors for this are excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Head and neck cancer - This type of cancer is caused by tobacco and alcohol consumption, HPV, exposure to the sun, and excessive use of tanning beds.

Stages of Cancer

There are different stages of cancer. This can help determine your prognosis and the type of treatment you may need.Early diagnosis and treatment increase the chances of survival.Stages I, II, III, and IV refer to the size of the tumor and whether it has spread to surrounding tissues or lymph nodes.Stages of cancer are different for each type of cancer. In general, the earlier it is detected, the more easily it can be treated.Stages can change as cancer progresses, so it is important to have regular check-ups.Some cancers are staged using letters instead of numbers.

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Risk Factors for Developing Cancer

Age: As we get older, our risk of developing certain cancers rises. Gender: Certain cancers are more common in women and others are more common in men.

Genetics: Having a family history of certain cancers means that you are at higher risk of developing them. Diet: A diet low in fruits and vegetables and high in red meat and processed meats increases the risk of developing many different types of cancer.

Weight: Obesity (being very overweight) is linked to an increased risk of several cancers.

Smoking: Smoking is linked to an increased risk of developing lung cancer and many other cancers. Excessive exposure to the sun: Melanoma is the most common form of cancer caused by excessive sun exposure.

Certain genes: Certain genetic mutations can increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer.

Symptoms of Cancer

Changes in your bowel or bladder habits - You should see a doctor if you have new or worsening symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, blood in your stool, or pain when urinating.

Changes in your skin - You should see a doctor if you notice a new growth on your skin, a change in the size or color of a mole, or a new lump under your skin.

Changes in your lymph nodes - You should see a doctor if a particular lymph node becomes enlarged. Fatigue or feeling tired - You should see a doctor if you have new feelings of tiredness or a change in your energy level that does not go away with rest.

Shortness of breath - You should see a doctor if shortness of breath is not relieved by rest.

Weight loss - You should see a doctor if you are losing weight without trying or if you have a change in appetite that leads to weight loss.

When to See a Doctor About Your Concerns

-Anyone who has a suspicious or new growth on their skin should see a doctor.

-Anyone who has sudden and unexplained weight loss should see a doctor.

-Anyone who has unexplained fatigue or shortness of breath should see a doctor.

-Anyone who has changes in bowel or bladder habits should see a doctor.

-Anyone who has changes in their skin, such as a new mole, growth, or lump, should see a doctor.

-Anyone who is at risk for certain cancers, especially those listed above, should see a doctor for an annual check-up.

-Anyone who smokes or is exposed to excessive sun and is at risk for certain cancers should see a doctor for an annual check-up.

Common Methods of Detection and Diagnosis

Physical exam: A doctor will examine your body for any unusual lumps that might indicate cancer. Blood tests: A doctor will order blood tests that can help detect certain cancers.

Imaging scans: These include x-rays, MRIs, CT scans, and PET scans. Biopsy: A doctor removes a small piece of the suspicious lump and examines it under a microscope to determine if it is cancer.


Cancer is a frightening disease. However, there are many myths and misconceptions surrounding it. You now have the facts about this condition and its many forms. You know what it is, what the various types are, the stages of it, risk factors, symptoms, when to see a doctor, and common methods of detection and diagnosis.


© Health Information By Zargar Inaam